Bent County is located in the Southeastern corner of Colorado along the Arkansas River. The county is 1,541 square miles with a population density of 4.4 per square mile. The average elevation is 3,900 feet.
The southern portion of the county contains bluffs, mesas and canyons that open to the rolling plains of the Arkansas River Valley and the northern portion is a series of rolling plains sloping south to the Arkansas River. The Arkansas River provides water for irrigation, recreation and wildlife. The Santa Fe Trail traverses the north side of the Arkansas River and lies parallel to Highway 50. Bent’s Old Fort served as a major trading post on the Santa Fe Trail. Bent County houses two correctional facilities. Agriculture is the main economic driver in the county, encompassing approximately 91% of the County.